Invoking XQuery using the XQJ API
XQJ (XQuery API for Java) is a proposed vendor-neutral API for invoking XQuery from
Java applications. It is currently published as "Early Draft Review 2"
(JSR 225) at http://jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=225.
Saxon includes an almost-complete implementation of this API. Saxon 9.0 has been
changed to implement XQJ version 0.9.
For information on how to use the API, please see the JSR 225 documentation.
Note that the interface is subject to change.
Saxon's implementation of XQJ, together with the XQJ interface definitions themselves, is
packaged in the JAR file saxon8-xqj.jar. Note that the XQJ interfaces have been renamed from
net.sf.saxon.javax.xml.xquery. This is
to avoid conflicts with other versions of XQJ, since the interfaces are not yet stable.
XQJ has many similarities with JDBC, and its general style is that of a client-server API
in which the application opens a "connection" to a database. This of course does not fit the
Saxon in-process model particularly well; on the other hand, apart from the terminology and the
use of some methods (such as the ability to set a connection timeout) that make little sense in
a Saxon context, the API works equally well in an environment like Saxon where the XQuery processor
is invoked directly and runs within the same Java VM as the client application.
The samples directory in the issued saxon-resources download file includes a Java test application,
XQJExamples.java, which illustrates some of the possible ways of invoking Saxon using the XQJ interface.
Note that Saxon will generally only recognize its own implementation of XQJ interfaces. For example,
the interface XQDynamicContext includes a method
bindAtomicValue that allows the value of a variable
or the context item to be supplied.
The type of the argument is
XQItem: however, Saxon will only accept an
that was created by its own implementations of the factory methods in
Unlike JAXP interfaces, XQJ does not include an implementation-independent factory class. Instead,
you start the process by calling:
XQDataSource you can call
getConnection() to get a connection,
and from the connection you can call
prepareExpression() to compile a query. The resulting
XQPreparedExpression object has a method
executeQuery() allowing the query
to be evaluated. The result of the query evaluation is an
XQSequence, which acts as a cursor
or iterator: it has a
next() method allowing you to change the current position, and a
getItem() method allowing you to retrieve the item at the current position. The result
getItem() is an
XQItem object, and this has methods allowing you to determine
the item type, and to convert the item into a suitable Java object or value.