Compiling a Stylesheet
Saxon allows a compiled stylesheet (a Templates object)
to be saved to disk as a file.
The transformation can then be run using this compiled stylesheet by using the -c option
to the command
This facility is not available on the .NET platform.
The actual compilation of the stylesheet can be achieved using the command
java net.sf.saxon.Compile. The format of the command is:
[options] stylesheet output [ params...]
The options available are a subset of the options for running a transformation, described above. The
relevant options are -t (give progress messages), -u (stylesheet argument is a URI, not a filename), -r
(specify a URIResolver for use at compile time), -y (specify an XML parser for parsing the source
stylesheet), -1.1 (enable XML 1.1)
There are some restrictions that apply to stylesheet compilation:
Stylesheet compilation is not currently supported for schema-aware stylesheets, specifically, for stylesheets
that contain an
Stylesheet compilation is not currently supported for stylesheets that make calls on
the extension functions
saxon:expression(), because these require run-time
access to information that is not preserved by compilation.
Stylesheets that use a
<saxon:collation> declaration cannot be compiled.
Stylesheets that use a
<saxon:import-query> declaration cannot be compiled.
A compiled stylesheet can be executed only by the same Saxon release as was used to compile it.
Stylesheet compilation is not supported on the .NET platform.
You can use any file extension for the compiled stylesheet, I generally use .sxx (Saxon XSLT executable).
The file actually contains the Java serialization of a data structure that is then used at run-time to
drive the transformation process. As an alternative to using the
from the command line, you can use the Java serialization API directly, to write the net.sf.saxon.Templates
object to an ObjectOutputStream.
To run a compiled stylesheet from the Java API rather than from the command line, use the call:
sheet = PreparedStylesheet.loadCompiledStylesheet(config, styleFileName)
Note that the
config argument identifies the run-time configuration. The NamePool used by this
configuration will be changed to be a copy of the NamePool that was created at compile time and saved in the
compiled stylesheet. Therefore, this method requires the run-time transformation to have its own exclusive Configuration,
rather than sharing a Configuration object with other transformations.
The term "compile" is stretching a point. The executable that is produced does not contain
machine instructions, or even interpreted Java bytecode. It contains instructions in the form of
a data structure that Saxon itself can interpret. Note that the format of compiled stylesheets is
unlikely to be stable from one Saxon release to the next.